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Janganmun Gate, Suwon
수원문화재단이미지입니다. Built between February 28 and September 5 of 1794 (the 18th year of King Jeongjo’s reign), Janganmun (North Gate) is one of the four main gates of Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon. The word “Jangan” has the dual meaning of “capital city” and “welfare of the people.” This magnificent structure features a hipped-style roof and a semicircular, reinforced defense position attached to its exterior.

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Paldalmun Gate, Suwon
수원문화재단이미지입니다. Treasure No. 402 (designated on September 3, 1964) Paldalmun is one of the four main gates of Hwaseong Fortress and to Suwon. Kings of Joseon, including King Jeongjo, passed through this gate to visit Hyeollyungwon, the tomb of King Jeongjo’s father, Crown Prince Jangwon. The work was started on February 28, 1794, and completed on September 15 of the same year, in the 18th year of King Jeongjo’s reign. The name Paldal was borrowed from the Korean phrase "satongpaldal" (open o...

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Hwaseomun Gate, Suwon
수원문화재단이미지입니다. Treasure No. 403 (designated on September 3, 1964) Hwaseomun is one of the four main gates of Hwaseong Fortress. It was built between July 21, 1795, and January 8, 1796, during the 19th year of King Jeongjo’s reign, as the path leading to Namyangman Bay and the West Coast and has survived intact to the present day. The intactness of the gate led it to be designated as Treasure No. 403. The inscriptions on the frame hung on the wall were handwritten by Chae Je-gong, the first governor of ...

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Changnyongmun Gate, Suwon
수원문화재단이미지입니다. Built between May 8 and October 17 of 1795 (the 19th year of King Jeongjo’s reign), Changnyongmun (East Gate) is one of the four main gates of Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon. The word “Changnyong” refers to the blue dragon associated with the principles of feng shui. The semicircular, reinforced defense position attached to the exterior of this gate has one side open, unlike those at Janganmun or Paldalmun. A section of the stone wall on the left of the arched gate inside the reinf...

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Northeastern Gate Guard Bastion of Hwaseong Fortre...
수원문화재단이미지입니다. Jeokdae is a turret erected on a bastion of a fortress.  A jeokdae was built on each bastion on both sides of Janganmun (North Gate) and Paldalmun (South Gate), two of the four main gates of Hwaseong Fortress. The one on the east of Janganmun is as tall as the fortress wall. The three vertical loopholes on the lower side of the bastion were made to allow troops to observe and fire at an approaching enemy.

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Northwestern Gate Guard Bastion of Hwaseong Fortre...
수원문화재단이미지입니다. Jeokdae is a turret erected on each bastion on both sides of a fortress gate. Joekdaes were installed only at the Janganmun (North Gate) and Paldalmun (South Gate) of the four main gates of Hwaseong Fortress. The one on the west of Janganmun is as tall as the fortress wall. The three vertical loopholes on the lower side of the bastion were made to allow troops to observe and fire at an approaching enemy. Each section of the wall had a loophole for firing arrows at enemy troops.

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Northwestern Artillery Bastion of Hwaseong Fortre...
수원문화재단이미지입니다. Completed on September 24,1794, in the 18th year of King Jeongjo’s reign, Bukseoporu is one of the cannon forts at Hwaseong Fortress located between Hwaseomun (West Gate) and Janganmun (North Gate). An artillery position was established on the third tier of the bastion on a section of the fortress wall.

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Northern Guard Pavilion of Hwaseong Fortress, Suwo...
수원문화재단이미지입니다. This wooden structure was built on a bastion of the fortress wall and finished on February 20, 1795, in the 19th year of King Jeongjo’s reign. Located between Hwaseomun (West Gate) and Janganmun (North Gate), it is one of five sentry posts at Hwaseong Fortress used as vantage points from which to spot and fire upon an approaching enemy.

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Northwestern Watchtower of Hwaseong Fortress, Suwo...
수원문화재단이미지입니다. Treasure No. 1710 (designated on March 3, 2011) Gongsimdon is an elevated watchtower mounted on a section of a fortress wall to observe and fire upon an approaching enemy. Constructed on March 10, 1796, in the 20th year of King Jeongjo’s reign, the tower has a three-tiered structure whose lower side (the bastion) was built with stones and whose upper side with bricks. Its interior is fitted with stairs and a combat facility. It is said that on his visit to the fortress in January 1797, th...

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Northwestern Guard Pavilion of Hwaseong Fortress, ...
수원문화재단이미지입니다. Gangnu is a pavilion-like structure positioned on a relatively high part of the fortress, where troops were able to rest and keep watch on the surrounding areas. During emergency situations, it also served as a command post. One of four such pavilions at the fortress, Seobukgangnu was built as a command post at a point opposite Mt. Sukji for troops deployed near Hwaseomun.

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